Problem Solving by Analogy
Problem Solving by Analogy

Online-Buchhandel Tel.: 0351 - 64 75 7855 Problem Solving by Analogy von Laura Imperatori Art Nr.: 3656696853 ISBN 13: 9783656696858 Release Year: 2014 Published by: GRIN Verlag Gmbh Cover: Taschenbuch Cover Format: 211x149x2 mm Pages: 12 Weight: 36 g Language: Englisch Author: Laura Imperatori zuzÜglich EUR 1,25 Versandkosten Verlagsfrische Neuware! Alle Artikel werden von uns professionell verpackt, so dass die Beschädigungsgefahr beim Versand minimiert wird. Description Seminar paper from the year 2014 in the subject Psychology - Social Psychology, grade: A, University of Cambridge (Department of Psychology), course: Part IB Experimental Psychology, language: English, abstract: We investigate problem solving by analogy in order to see whether solving a similar, easier

problem beforehand aids in deciphering a more complicated one, given that the two problems have a similar (homomorphic) problem state. The two problems that have been used in this experiment are the historic Missionary & Cannibals problem (M&C) as well as its visual representation - referred to as 'Counter-Moving' (CM) in the following. The use of analogy in problem solving requires restructuring the problem in order to create an insight - as can be measured by 'warmth' ratings - in contrast to problem solving based on trial-and-error learning (mostly common in elementary algebra) as proposed by behaviourists such as Thorndike. The restructuring of the problem relies on mapping from a source domain to a target domain. Since there is an infinite number of possible source domains, many humans have difficulies at spontaneous use of analogy and need its relevance to be highlighted. We have shown that the success rate on the counter-moving problem does differ significantly from the success rate on the M&C problem, which implies that the CM problem is conceptually easier to understand. Hence, we could show that solving a similar, easier problem with a homomorphic problem state does indeed increase the success rate of solving a more complicated one later by comparing the success rates between Groups A and B that solved the problems in opposite orders. Impressum Bides Thomas & Zschammer GbR Strehlener Str. 12-14 01069 Dresden Tel. 0351 64 75 7855 Fax. 0351 64 75 7856 E-Mail: St.Nr. 210 | 151 | 20301 Ust-ID-Nr. DE 255 343 363 Anbieter und Verantwortliche i.S.d. TDG/MDStV sind Heiko Thomas und Stefan Zschammer Ãœber Uns l AGB Powered by INFORIUS

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